Programme Components
The judges decide the Programme Component scores. Skaters receive a mark out of 10 for each of the following categories:

1. Skating Skills
2. Transitions and Linking Footwork & Movement
3. Performance and Execution
4. Choreography / Composition
5. Interpretation

The scores are added together and multiplied by a factor to produce the skaterís final second mark.

Programme Components Explanations document that contains the following information can be found on the ISU website.

Skating Skills
Over all skating quality: Edge control and flow over the ice surface demonstrated by a command of the skating vocabulary (edges, steps, turns, etc), the clarity of technique, and the use of effortless power to accelerate and vary speed. Includes:

Balance, rhythmic knee action, and precision of foot placement
Flow and effortless glide: Rhythm, strength, clean strokes, and an efficient use of lean create a steady run to the blade and an ease of transfer of weight resulting in seemingly effortless power and acceleration
Cleanness and sureness of deep edges, steps, and turns: The skater should demonstrate clean and controlled curves, deep edges, and steps.
Varied use of power/energy, speed, and acceleration: Variety is the gradation Ė some of which may be subtle
Multi directional skating: Includes all direction of skating: forward and backward, clockwise and counterclockwise including rotation in both directions.
Mastery of one foot skating: No over use of skating on two feet.

Transitions/ Linking Footwork and Movement

The varied and/or intricate footwork, positions, movements, and holds that link all elements. In singles, pairs, and synchronized skating this also includes the entrances and exits of technical elements. Transitions can be short or long, including the use of blade, body, head, arms, legs as dictated by the music.
(Minimum use of cross-cuts). Includes:


Performance is the involvement of the skater/couple/teams physically, emotionally, and intellectually as they translate the intent of the music and choreography. Execution is the quality of movement and precision in delivery. Includes:

Physical, emotional, and intellectual involvement: In all skating disciplines each skater must be physically committed, sincere in emotion, and equal in comprehension of the music and in execution of all movement.
Carriage: A trained inner strength of the body that makes possible ease of movement from the center of the body. Alignment is the fluid change from one movement to the next.
Style and individuality/personality: Style is the distinctive use of line and movement as inspired by the music.Individuality/personality is a combination of personal and artistic preferences that a skater/pair/couple brings to the concept, manner, and content of the program.
Clarity of movement: Is characterized by the refined lines of the body and limbs, as well as the precise execution of any movement.
Variety and contrast: Varied use of tempo, rhythm, force, size, level, movement shapes, angles, and, body parts as well as the use of contrast
Projection: The skater radiates energy resulting in an invisible connection with the audience.

An intentional, developed, and/or original arrangement of all movements according to the principles of proportion, unity, space, pattern, structure, and phrasing. Includes:

Purpose: (Idea, concept, vision, mood): To reward the intentional and quality design of a program.
Proportion (equal weight of all parts): Each part and section has equal weight in achieving the aesthetic pursuit of the composition.
Unity: Purposeful threading of all movements: A program achieves unity when: every step, movement, and element is motivated by the music. As well, all its parts, big or small, seem necessary to the whole, and there is an underlying vision or symbolic meaning that threads together the entire composition.
Pattern and Ice Coverage: Movement phrases are designed using an interesting and meaningful variety of patterns and directions of travel.
Phrasing and Form (movement and parts are structured to match the phrasing of the music): A phrase is a unit of movement marked by an impulse of energy that grows, builds,finds a conclusion, and then flows easily and naturally into the next movement phrase. Form is the presentation of an idea, the development of the idea, and its conclusion presented in a specific number of parts and a specific order for design.
Originality of Purpose, Movement, and Design: An individual perspective of movement and design in pursuit of a creative composition as inspired by the music and the underlying vision.
Utilization of Personal and Public Space: Movement phrases are distributed in such a way they communicate from every angle in a 360 degree skater-viewer relationship.

The personal and creative translation of the music to movement on ice. To reward the skater who through movement creates a personal and creative translation of the music. As the tempo binds all notes in time, the ability to use the tempos and rhythms of the music in a variety of ways, along with the subtle use of finesse to reflect the nuances of all the fundamentals of music: melody, rhythm, harmony, color, texture, and form creates a mastery of interpretation.

Effortless Movements in Time to the Music (Timing):The ability to translate music through sureness of rhythm, tempo, effective movement, and effortless flow over the ice surface by: rhythmic continuity, awareness of all tempo/rhythm changes in a variety of ways.
Expression of the musicís style, character, and rhythm: Maintaining the character and style of the music throughout the entire program by use of body and skating techniques to depict a mood, style, shape, or thematic idea as motivated by the structure of the music: melody, harmony, rhythm, color, texture, and form. The total involvement of the body and being should express the intent of the music.
Use of finesse to reflect the nuances of music: The skaterís refined, artful manipulation of nuances. Nuances are the personal, artistic ways of bringing subtle variations to the intensity, tempo, and dynamics of the music made by the composer and/or the musician.

Just for fun- visit my own (fictional) version of the Programme Component scores at, The Programme Components Rewritten