Junior Glossary
       All skills excepting jumps and spins should be performed on both feet or in both directions.

1 Foot Spin- with back crosscuts, no pause during the step for the spin, spiralling entry should be evident.
                      Spin should rotate at least 6 times

2 Foot Twist- maintaining focus in one direction, twist both feet back and forth on a straight line, must move
                          forward and backward on the blade through the turn.

3 Turn Power Step- on a line, FO 3, step, step, cross, (BI choctaw), repeat. * see diagram below

B Crosscuts- cross at least below the knee. BI pushing foot must stay on the ice, arms held fairly still on the
                          circle.

B Edges- on a curve at least 1½ metres (1½ yards) in diameter, turn head and change arms.

F or B Lunge- boot on the ice

B Push-Offs- BO and BI from a standstill

B Set-Up- preparation for Waltz jump with back crosscuts and good balance on the BO edge

B Straight Strokes- back skate properly with speed

Barrel Rolls- on a circle, FO mohawk, cross, BI Mohawk, repeat. * see diagram below

BI 3, Cross, FI Mohawk- on a circle, closed 3, open Mohawk *see diagram below

BI Slip Step- step beside, free foot comes back after each step

BO 3 with Speed- on a circle, should glide at least 1 metre (1 yard) in and out

BO 3, FI Mohawk- on a circle, closed 3 *see diagram below

BO or BI Closed 3- on a circle, should glide at least ½ metre (½ yard) in and out

BO or BI Open Mohawk- moving on a circle, glide at least 1 metre (1 yard) in and out.

BO Slip Step- cross in front, free foot slips behind after each step

F 3s with Speed- on a circle with a glide at least 1½ metres (1½ yards) in and out

F Circle Thrusts- on a circle, gliding foot stays on the circle, pushing foot thrusts out and back. Should
                                show good balance and posture, arms held fairly still on the circle.

F Crosscuts- cross at least below the knee with no toe pushing, arms held fairly still on the circle.

F or B Edges on a Circle- with some speed, balance and glide on the edge and maintain the circle for at
                                               least 4 Mississippis (count…1 Mississippi, 2 Mississippi, 3 Mississippi, 4
                                               Mississippi)

F or B Undercut- deep knee bend should be evident

F Popcans with Straight Strokes- 1½ times around a circle followed by straight strokes down the ice * see
                                                               diagram below


F Set-Up- preparation for (F) Salchow, Toe Loop, (F) Loop and Flip with forward crosscuts and good
                   balance on the FI edge

Front Spin Exit- BO push-off, take the free leg back immediately and assume the landing/exit position

F Straight Strokes- forward skate properly with speed

FI 3, Cross, BI Mohawk- on a circle, FI closed 3, cross, BI Mohawk, repeat. * see diagram below

FI Closed 3- from a standstill, must balance at least ½ metre (½ yard) after the turn

FI Open Mohawk- moving on a circle, glide at least 1 metre (1 yard) in and out

FI Slip Step- step beside, free foot slips in front after each step

Figure 8 crosscuts with FI Edge- forward crosscuts with FI edge on the new circle

Figure 8 Stroking with BO Edge- back crosscuts with BO edge on the old circle

FO Cross Roll- cross in front, free foot comes back after each step

FO or FI 3- From a standstill or moving, must glide at least 1 metre (1 yard) in and out.

I Closed 3s with Speed- on a circle, must glide at least 1 metre (1 yard) after the turn with control

I Mohawk Pattern- on a circle, FI mohawk, step, cross, BI mohawk, step, cross, repeat  *see diagram below

I Power 3s- on a straight line, I3, cross behind, cross in front, BI choctaw, repeat. * see diagram below

Landing Position- balance and glide in landing position with good posture and free leg straight

Loop with I3 Entry- can be from a standstill

Mazurka- all 4: left and right, inside and outside

Mohawk Power Step- on a straight line, FI Mohawk, step, step, cross, (BI choctaw), repeat. * see diagram
                                          below


O 3 Turn Pattern- on a circle, FO 3, step, cross, BO 3, step, cross, repeat. *see diagram below

O Choctaw Stroking- forward crosscuts with FO Choctaw to change circles followed by back crosscuts
                                        with BO Choctaw to change circles

O Mohawk Pattern- on a circle, FO Mohawk, cross, step, BO Mohawk, cross, step, repeat. * see diagram
                                      below


O or I 3 Jump- from a standstill or moving, must take off and land on the toe, should glide at least ½ metre
                           before and after

Russian Stroking- I, step, cross, repeat on the other curve, repeat. *see diagram below

Salchow with Mohawk Entry- can be from a standstill

Salchow: 3 Turn Entry- from a standstill

Tango Stop- feet in a reverse T with the stopping foot in front

Toe Loop- from a standstill, I3 entry

Waltz 3s- FO3, step, BI, repeat. * see diagram below