Hierarchy Of Components
The Free Skating Performance chart shows over a hundred components. These components are not equally important; some will impact performance and success more than others, their importance will vary at different stages of the skater's career and the importance of each is not necesssarily commensurate with the amount of time spent training it. Some skaters may not need to spend as much time training some important components as others if they are naturally gifted in that area but may choose to spend more time on less important areas to become as well-rounded as possible.

No amount of training can make up for factors like poor health or unfavourable body physiology nor can it change a skater’s age, gender or intelligence. And it certainly cannot help a skater whose personality does not provide the coach with teachable moments. Skaters who have favourable heredity, personality and training will have a distinct advantage over those who do not provided they also have enthusiasm for the sport. The measure of each component and its unique interaction is an indication of a skater‘s talent.

The following hierarchy of performance components lists various combinations of heredity, training and personality. Number one is the combination most likely to produce the highest level of performance, number eight, the lowest. Keep in mind there can be a great deal of variance within components and how they interact can greatly modify performance.